Conservation: Wetland Ecology

For my latest summary of wetland ecology and conservation, please go to the web page Wetlands: A Guide to the Scientific Literature

For my book, Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation, please go here.

Picture of wetlands

The conservation and management of wetlands must be built upon a scientific understanding of how wetlands function, and how the species within them interact.

Remarkably, far too much wetland-related work overlooks important processes such as changes in water levels, fertility, and competition.

The natural variation in such factors is essential for producing and maintaining the array of wetlands currently found in our landscapes. The first two sections of this page list papers from Dr. Keddy’s research that are recommended reading. The third part provides a selection of other general readings in wetland ecology. For a more recent, and more concise,  list of fundamental readings in wetland ecology, go to his guide to the scientific literature on wetlands published by Oxford Bibliographies Online. For a fifty-minute talk on the principles of wetland ecology, and their applications to wetland ecology, go here.

Essential Readings from Keddy’s Lab

  • Keddy, P.A. 2010.  Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, UK.
  • Keddy, P. A. 2017. Restoration of freshwater wetlands. Chapter 17 in S.K. Allison and S.D. Murphy (eds.)Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration. RoutledgeTaylor and Francis, NY. ISBN-13 978-1138922129
  • Keddy, P.A. 1990. Competitive hierarchies and centrifugal organization in plant communities pp. 265-89: In J. Grace and D. Tilman (eds.) Perspectives on Plant Competition, Academic Press, New York. (centrifugal organisation provides a general framework for understanding wetland patterns)
  • Keddy, P.A. and A. A. Reznicek. 1986. Great Lakes vegetation dynamics: the role of fluctuating water levels and buried seeds. Journal of Great Lakes Research 12:25-36. (water level fluctuations are essential to maintain the natural diversity and area of wetlands)
Wetland Ecology

Other Recommended Readings from Keddy’s Lab

  • Keddy, P.A., L. Gough, J.A. Nyman, T. McFalls, J. Carter and J. Siegrist. 2009. Alligator hunters, pelt traders, and runaway consumption of Gulf coast marshes: A trophic cascade perspective on coastal wetland losses. p. 115-133 inB.R. Silliman, E.D. Grosholz, and M.D. Bertness (eds.) Human Impacts on Salt Marshes. A Global Perspective. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
  • Geho, E.M., D. Campbell and P. A. Keddy. 2007. Quantifying ecological filters: the relative impact of herbivory, neighbours, and sediment on an oligohaline marsh. Oikos 116: 1006-1016
  • Toner, M., and P. Keddy. 1997. River hydrology and riparian wetlands: a predictive model for ecological assembly. Ecological Applications 7: 236-246.
  • Weiher, E., I. C. Wisheu, P.A. Keddy and D.R.J. Moore. 1996. Establishment, persistence, and management implications of experimental wetland plant communities. Wetlands 16: 208-218.
  • Weiher, E. and P.A. Keddy. 1995. The assembly of experimental wetland plant communities. Oikos 73: 323-335.
  • Gaudet, C.L. and P.A. Keddy. 1995. Competitive performance and species distribution in shoreline plant communities: a comparative approach. Ecology 76: 280-291.
  • Wisheu, I. C., C. J. Keddy, P.A. Keddy and N.M. Hill. 1994. Disjunct Atlantic coastal plain species in Nova Scotia: distribution, habitat and conservation priorities. Biological Conservation 68: 217-224.
  • Boutin, C. and P. A. Keddy. 1993. A functional classification of wetland plants. Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 591-600.
  • Wisheu, I. C. and P.A. Keddy. 1992. Competition and centrifugal organization of ecological communities: theory and tests. Journal of Vegetation Science 3: 147-156.

Other Recommended Readings

  • Adam, P. 1990. Saltmarsh Ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Bardecki, M.J. and N. Patterson (eds.). 1989. Ontario Wetlands: Inertia or Momentum, Proceedings of conference, Ryerson Polytechnical Institute, Toronto, Oct 21-22, 1988.
  • Denny, P. (ed.). 1985. The Ecology and Management of African Wetland Vegetation. Junk, Dordrecht.
  • Dugan, Patrick, ed. 2005. Guide to Wetlands. Richmond Hill, ON: Firefly. [ISBN: 9781554071111]
  • Gore, A.J.P. (ed.). 1983. Ecosystems of the World 4A. Mires: Swamp, Bog, Fen and Moor. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Junk, W.J. (ed.). 1997. The Central Amazon Floodplain. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Lu, J. 1995. Ecological significance and classification of Chinese wetlands. Vegetatio 118: 49-56.
  • Lugo, A.E., M. Brinson and S. Brown (eds.). 1990. Forested Wetlands. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Mitsch, W. J. and J.G. Gosselink. 2015. Wetlands. Wiley, New Jersey.
  • Patten. B. C. (ed.). 1990. Wetlands and Shallow Continental Water Bodies. Vol.1. Natural and human relationships. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, The Netherlands.
  • Rubec, C. 1988. Wetlands of Canada. Ecological Land Classification Series, No. 24, Environment Canada, Ottawa.
  • Salo, J., R. Kalliola, I. Hakkinen, Y. Makinen, P. Niemela, M. Puhakka and P.D. Coley. 1986. River dynamics and the diversity of Amazon lowland forest. Nature 322: 254-258.
  • Sioli, H. (ed.). 1984. The Amazon. Limnology and Landscape Ecology of a Mighty Tropical River and its Basin. Junk Publishers, The Netherlands.
  • Tallis, J.H. 1983. Changes in wetland communities. pp. 311-347 In A.J.P. Gore (ed.). Ecosystems of the World 4A. Mires: Swamp, Bog, Fen and Moor. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • van der Valk, A. G. 1989. Northern Prairie Wetlands. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
  • Whigham, D.F. et al. (eds.). Wetlands of the World. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.
  • White, P.S. 1994. Synthesis: vegetation pattern and process in the Everglades ecosystem. pp. 445-460. in S. Davis and J. Ogden (eds.) Everglades: the Ecosystem and its Restoration. St. Lucia Press, Del Ray Beach, Florida.